Archive for the ‘WWW’ Category

Around 30 per cent of all internet traffic is pornography, and the biggest porn site gets over four billion page views and 350 million unique visits per month, a study has found.

The ExtremeTech website said the only other websites that surpass this figure in size are Google and Facebook, the Daily Mail reported.

The report uncovered the viewing figures for porn website Xvideos from Google’s DoubleClick Ad Planner, which uses cookies to gather information about users.

It also used actual data from the second biggest porn site, YouPorn, to check how much data is being transferred out of the website’s servers.

The average length of time spent on Xvideos was 15 minutes. Around 29 petabytes a month, or 50 gigabytes per second, of pornography is being transferred.

The YouPorn website hosts over 100TB of porn, gets 100 million page views and transfers 950 terabytes per day.

Earlier this year, over 6,400 passwords and emails of YouPorn users were hacked and details revealed online.

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The world of web-application development framework has a new arrival: Ruby on Rails 3.2, which is said to be quicker and more convenient for web-application developers.

The first version of the Rails framework was released in 2004 as an open-source framework that would help in the quick assembly of web pages, based on the Ruby programming language, and the framework last saw a major release in August, with the 3.1 version.

The latest version of the Rails framework has a number of improvements on the previous version the most important of which is a faster development mode as it only re-loads altered classes instead of the whole library of classes used, making a larger applications a lot faster to load.  It also has a ‘tagged logger’ feature which makes it convenient for a multi-user environment—developers can now filter the log of applications based on who run them. Database queries are tagged and explained, making debugging an activity that can be performed with ease. The new routing engine implemented by the framework, called “Journey”, moreover is a breeze to use especially since it makes linking much faster and noticeable which would be of great help especially in cases that involve numbers like a hundred different links on each page.

While JavaScript has been used by a number of websites as a result of its HTML-5 compatibility, around 226,000 websites use Ruby on Rails. Aaron Batalion, chief technology officer and cofounder of LivingSocial, which uses the framework ardently, said “We wanted to focus on the actual products we were building and less on the engineering”. “Ruby on Rails is interesting because it gets out of your way”.

Finally India as come out with online censorship. April 2011 saw the enactment of Information technology Rules Act 2011 and the new rules curtail freedom of internet peech to a very big extent.

The new restriction on web content has left many offended as it destroys the image of internet as a platform of speech and beliefs.

The Act says that any statement that threatens the unity, integrity; defense, security or sovereignty of India, friendly relations with foreign states or public order are ought to be removed from the content of web. Hence the act is very vague as to its definition. This is likely to invoke even more controversy in days ahead.

The new rules empower any official or private citizen to demand the removal of content that they consider objectionable on the basis of long list of criteria prepared by the information department.

The Department of Information Technology is empowered to block any site that displays any disparaging material. The Center for Internet and Society, a Bangalore-based research and advocacy group, recently obtained and published a list of 11 web sites banned by the Department of Information Technology.

Article 19 of the Indian constitution provides freedom of speech with reasonable restriction. These restrictions have been used so far to ban books, movies on sensitive subjects like sex, politics and religion. India has been famous in condemning speeches by famous personalities as seditious.

Recently Arundhoti Roy was criticized vehemently for her speech on Kashmir issue. Again in another instance a book on Mahatma Gandhi’s biography written by an American author was banned.

Now Indian laws have moved towards technology and web. In 2010 India increased to 100,000,000 internet users from 81,000,000 in 2009. It is developing at a very fast pace.

However India has always protested against various displays of images and statements in the social networking sites like Orkut and Facebook. Very recently a FIR was registered against facebook for potraying Indian Gods in an indecent manner.

Internet has been hugely responsible in contributing towards bringing revolutionary changes. It played a very important role in bringing political change in Egypt. And India too saw huge response and support in Anna Hazare’s fight against corruption.

A new online tracking system will allow websites to pinpoint your location to within a few hundred meters, without your permission.

Internet sites will be able to work out where users are within an average of 690 meters, using information about their internet connection.

At the moment they can only track users’ locations to within a radius of about 200 km, but the new technique will narrow this down to as little as 100 meters, the Daily Mail reports.

The development comes as privacy concerns were also raised about iPhone users having their locations and movements secretly tracked and stored.

Researchers discovered that the Apple devices save the user’s latitude and longitude along with a time and date stamp that can be easily accessed.

The tracking method will allow online advertisers to target web browsers with tailored messages, but it has raised concerns about privacy.

Similar techniques of mapping the internet protocol (IP) address that every computer has are already in use, but are far less accurate.

The new system, which has been designed by American and Chinese researchers, compares the time it takes to send data to computers to the time it takes to send to computers it knows the location of using Google Maps.

Using a rough estimation of how far away the computer connection is, the system locates nearby landmarks, such as universities and schools, and compares their location to narrow down the computer’s whereabouts.

On an average, the method gets to within 690 metres of the target, but it can be as close as 100 metres, good enough to identify the location of the computer to within a few streets.

To locate computers to this accuracy has previously required people to agree to share location, but the new system does not need any particular software on the computer to work or even the user’s permission.

Yong Wang, one of the researchers who designed the method, said: “This is a client-independent method. The client does not need to approve anything.”

The tracking system will be particularly valuable to advertisers who will be able to target browsers with advertisements for shops and service just down the street.

World’s leading IT research and advisory firm Gartner has forecast that by 2015, online sabotages will become multi-modal and very damaging and that even a G-20 nation’s critical infrastructure will be disrupted and damaged by such cyber attacks.

“By 2015, a G20 nation’s critical infrastructure will be disrupted and damaged by online sabotage. Online attacks can be multimodal, in the sense of targeting multiple systems for maximum impact, like financial system, (stock exchanges) physical plant (control systems of a chemical, nuclear or electric plant), or mobile communications (mobile message routers),” Managing Vice-President and Gartner fellow Darryl Plummer said in a report titled ‘Gartner’s Top Predictions for IT Organizations and Users, 2011 and Beyond: IT’s Growing Transparency’ released today.

“Such a multimodal attack can have lasting effects beyond a temporary disruption, in the same manner that the 9/11 had on the U.S.,” it adds.

The forecast also says, “by 2015, new revenue generated each year by IT will determine the annual compensation of most CIOs across the world.”

Explaining the reason for this, it says executive and board-level expectations for realizing revenue from those and other IT initiatives will become so common that by 2015 the amount of new revenue generated from IT initiatives will become the primary factor determining the incentive of new global 2000 CIOs’ annual package.

“With costs still under pressure, growth opportunities limited and the tolerance to bear risk low, IT faces increased levels of scrutiny from stakeholders both internal and external,” Plummer said.

This year’s top predictions highlight an increasingly visible linkage between technology decisions and outcomes, both economic and societal, vice president and Gartner fellow Brian Gammage said, adding by 2015, information-smart businesses will up their IT spending per head by 60 percent.

Those IT-enabled enterprises that successfully navigated the recent recession and return to growth will benefit from many internal and external dynamics.

The report again says by 2015, tools and automation will eliminate 25 percent of labour hours associated with IT services. As IT services industry matures, it’ll increasingly mirror other industries like manufacturing, in transforming from a craftsmanship to a more industrialized model.

“By 2015, 20 per cent of non-IT global 500 firms will be cloud service providers,” it says, adding cloud computing will hasten use of tools and automation in IT services as the new paradigm brings with it self-service, automated provisioning, metering etc, to deliver industrialized services.

On cloud computing, it says it will gain more traction with non-IT firms moving in to provide non-IT capabilities via cloud computing. “As non-IT players externalize core competencies via the cloud, they will be interjecting themselves into value chains and competing directly with traditional IT firms that have served this,” says the report.

By 2014, 90 per cent of firms will support corporate applications on personal devices. “The trend toward supporting corporate applications on employee-owned notebooks and smart phones is already under way in many companies and will become commonplace within four years,” says the report.

On the social media, it says by 2015, 10 per cent of one’s online friends will be non-humans. “By 2015, efforts to systematise and automate social engagement will result in the rise of social bots- automated software agents that can handle, to varying degrees, interaction with communities of users in a manner personalized to each individual,” the report concludes.